The Solar System

Have you ever wondered how the solar system works? What is it made up of? What gives us light? I am going to explain how this interesting system works.

The solar system is made up of 8 planets, 5 dwarf planets and the sun. The closest planet to the sun is Mercury, then Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune. Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune are the biggest planets and are often called gas giants because they have gas inside them. A year on Mercury is 88 days. Venus is the hottest planet in the solar system. Earth is the only planet with plant life on it. Mars has a big volcano which is the biggest volcano in the solar system.

Jupiter has a big storm that you see as a red spot on its surface. Saturn’s rings are made of dust and ice. Uranus is the coldest planet. Neptune has lots of storms in its atmosphere.

The sun gives light to Earth and the closer the planet is to the sun, the hotter the planet is. It takes 365 days (a year) for Earth to orbit the sun.

Ceres is a dwarf planet that has mysterious white spots on its surface. Pluto was the 9th planet from the sun until 2005. Hameah is shaped like an oval because it orbits the sun fast. Makemake has no atmosphere. It would take 157 years for Eries to orbit the sun.

4 of the dwarf planets are in the kuiper belt which means they orbit the sun in an oval, not a circle. It would take 230 million years for the solar system to orbit the milky way.

The solar system works together in such an interesting way that you don’t even notice it is working all the time!
By Sara